Response to my peer Anna Piekut-TOPIC 5 DQ 1
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) can be described as use of medicines and health practices that are not used in conventional western medicine. Complementary medicine is a non-mainstream approach, used in addition to standard treatments. Alternative medicine is a non-mainstream approach used instead of standard treatments.
The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Medicine also distinguishes a term -integrative medicine which describes an approach to medical care that combines standard medicine with CAM practices that are effective and safe to use.
Who Use CAM?
NIH (2021) reports that according to a survey conducted in 2012 as many as 30 percent of adults and 12 percent of children use CAM. Another study, by Fjær et al. (2020) published in BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies, reveals that females, more than men, were found to report greater use of CAM. Prevalence was also found to be the highest among the age group 45–64, among those with higher education, and among those living comfortably on their income. Moreover, people in paid work were found to report greater CAM use than the unemployed and retired, while the permanently sick or disabled were found to report CAM use more than all other main activity groups.
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Fjær, E., Landet, E., McNamara, C., & Eikemo, T. (2020). The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in Europe. BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies, 20(108). Retrieved June 27, 2022, from https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-020-02903-w
NIH. (2021, April). Complementary, Alternative, or Integrative Health: What’s in a Name? National Center for Complementary and Integrative Medicine. Retrieved June 27, 2022, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7137515/